Understanding your fertility

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Female reproductive organs
Male reproductive organs
Understanding ovulation.

Knowledge is empowerment and the knowledge of fertility becomes more important especially if you are struggling with fertility. Getting pregnant is sometimes not easy and when you see everyone around getting pregnant, it only adds to your worries, however do not stress much as you are not alone, one in four couples is facing this problem. Most of these infertility issues can be solved, thanks to the rapidly developing IVF science.  

Female Reproductive Organs

  Female repro organs are:
  • A vagina
  • A cervix
  • A uterus
  • Pair of fallopian tubes
  • Pair of ovaries
All of these organs work together to help a woman menstruate (have monthly period), conceive, and carry a pregnancy.   Your vagina Is a tube like structure, connecting the uterus to external reproductive genitalia. This is where the sperms are deposited; from here the sperms travel upwards towards uterus.   Your cervix Is like an entrance to the uterus and it lies between vagina and uterus. Cervix secretes mucus that plays an important role in sperm movement up in the uterus.   Your uterus Right above cervix is Uterus; also referred as the womb, it is the organ which carries the pregnancy till term; it enlarges during pregnancy and reduces back after child birth. Once the egg is fertilized by sperm in the fallopian tubes, in few days it rolls down into uterus and gets implanted and grows in the nutrition rich layer of uterus called endometrium.   Your ovaries Most women have two ovaries, left and right. It stores eggs, in bag like structure called follicle. Each month a follicle matures and releases an egg in the fallopian tube. Every woman is born with fixed number of eggs ( about 2 million) and these eggs start decreasing with every passing month, so by the time a girl gets her first period she is left with around 400,000 eggs. An egg is fertilized by a single sperm in the fallopian tube.   Your fallopian tubes Just below both ovaries are two fallopian tubes, which catch the egg when it is released from the follicle in the ovary. The egg is known as a zygote after being fertilized by the sperm and then it moves down this fallopian tube to reach the uterus in several days. These tubes are like a pathway from ovaries to uterus and if these tubes are blocked then you might struggle to get pregnant without medical help.  

Male reproductive organs

  External organs: Penis, Scrotum and Testicles Internal organs: Epididymis, Vas Deferens, Urethra   Penis Penis is the external organ, used during sex. Blood flow through the muscles resulting in erection, semen ejaculates from the end of the penis. Semen is a natural fluid produced by male reproductive system that can contain sperm.   The scrotum Scrotum is the pouch of skin under penis, it contains the testicles.   The testis Testis produces sperms and testosterone hormone.   Epididymis The sperms are produced in testis but at that level they are not mature enough to fertilise an egg, this maturity is attained when the sperms pass gradually from the coiled tubes of epididymis, after which the sperms are ready to fertilise an egg.   Vas Deferens Once the sperm are mature, they move into vas deferens.   Urethra This is a tube from bottom of bladder till the end of penis. At the time of ejaculation of the sperms, urethra is the pathway used for semen ejaculation, however at this time a end of urethra is closed so that only semen is ejaculated in the right direction.  

Understanding pregnancy

In ovary every month a follicle matures and ruptures to eject its egg out into the fallopian tube, all these functions are controlled by hormones and receptors. Meanwhile when the egg is reaching the fallopian tube the sperms also have reached there traveling all the way from vagina through cervix and uterus to fallopian tubes. At that spot in the tube the sperm fertilizes the egg and the egg starts growing. While it grows, it moves gradually down the tube towards the uterus. When it reaches uterus it is closer to the stage of getting implanted in the endometrium. Once it gets implanted in uterus then the pregnancy is carried on further in coming months.  

Understanding ovulation

Ovulation is the process of the egg being released by the ovary. This egg is released (on an average) 14 days before the menstruation begins. If one can time the copulation, it can be helpful in getting pregnant.    
Don’t know your ovulation day? Don’t know the signs & symptoms of your body for ovulation? Not sure about your “Fertility Window”Give a call & gain knowledge

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